Agreement On Sinjar
Iraqi forces do not appear to be able to force the CMP factions to leave Sinjar, particularly the fact that the former have avoided such a confrontation on other serious occasions. They would also find it difficult to unite in a confrontation with the PKK without the direct participation of Peshmerga and some factions of the PMC that control the country in the surrounding areas. It therefore seems that there is no clear mechanism that does not lead to violent clashes to expel the PKK. However, local arrangements can be made to allow for the redeployment of existing forces and a reformulation of local government, provided that YB components and some elements of CMP are included. In this context, Iran`s role would be essential to the success or failure of the agreement. In order to resolve disputes over Sinjar, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs assisted the United Nations Assistance Mission to Iraq in its efforts to negotiate an agreement on Sinjar between the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Iraqi government in Baghdad. « We hope that the agreement announced on 9 October will create conditions for the relaunch of Sinjar and the safe and voluntary return of people displaced by ISIS. Sinjaris` interests, especially the victims of the genocide, should be at the heart of any plan to restore lasting peace and security, » the Foreign Ministry said in a statement. An agreement between the Iraqi federal government and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), in coordination with the UN assistance mission in Iraq, strengthened federal authority and paved the way for the reconstruction of the Sinjar district. It is highly unlikely that all forces in Sinjar will respect the agreement, Higel warned.
Baghdad, 9 October 2020 – The United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) has welcomed the agreement between the Iraqi federal government and the Kurdistan Regional Government on the status of sinjar district in Ninewa, « first and important step in the right direction », and expressed the hope of the United Nations for Iraq (UNAMI) to pave the way for a better future. « The agreement will directly help accelerate the return of displaced families to their countries of origin and ensure their stability in their territories, » said Iraqi Parliament Deputy Spokesman Bashir al-Haddad. « In its current form, it is unlikely that all armed forces that have been excluded from the agreement will assume compliance with the rules unless the implementation process is negotiated, » Higel said. Since Mustafa al-Kadhimi took office as Prime Minister of Iraq in May 2020, he has begun dialogue with kri, some of which concerned oil and financial policy issues, while others have focused on the situation in conflict zones, including Kirkuk and Sinjar. On 9 November 27, 2020, it was learned that a « historic agreement » had been signed in Sinjar with the Kurdish side, the main provisions of which will follow: « We hope that this agreement will be implemented in a way that will enable the re-establishment of the Iraqi authorities in Sinjar, the eradication of the terrorist organizations DAESH [Islamic State] and their enlargements in the region , and will ensure a safe return to their ancestral areas of Yasiziden. and other inhabitants of the region who were severely oppressed and persecuted first by DAESH and then by the PKK, » the Turkish Foreign Ministry said in a statement. The Unseal Secretary-General`s Special Representative for Iraq, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, hoped that the agreement would « open a new chapter for Sinjar, where the interests of the sinjar people would be at the forefront » and that it would « help displaced people return home, accelerate reconstruction and improve the delivery of public services. »